Consumers International IP Watchlist

The Consumers International IP Watchlist identifies countries whose IP policies and practices are harmful to consumers. This Watch List is used as a counterbalance to the United States' Special 301 Report, which is an annual report highlighting those countries that supposedly do not provide strong enough protection for the interests of US intellectual property owners.

From 2009-2012, Consumers International published annual editions of the IP Watchlist, based on manually collated data. Those reports from 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 IP Watchlist Reports are still available.

From 2013, the collation of the report data is done automatically, so you can now view current statistics based on the reports that we have to hand day by day! As of Thursday December 18, 2014, the five best and worst countries in our survey are shown below, based on how well their intellectual property regimes respect consumer rights. In this table A represents a good score, that shows that consumers' interests are being observed in this area. B, C and D are progressively not so good... and F is a fail. These are the overall scores; more details are available that break these scores into categories.

Best-rated countriesWorst-rated countries
1Moldova (B)Jordan (D)
2Israel (B)Kenya (D)
3India (B)Argentina (C-)
4Indonesia (B)Thailand (C-)
5New Zealand (B-)United Kingdom (C-)

Selected questions

This survey is based on the answers to 49 questions about IP laws and practices which can be answered "Yes", "No", or "In part". A select sample of those questions will be featured below from time to time. You can view the answers to all questions in the country reports below.

Array
(
    [1861] => No
    [95] => No
    [1864] => In part
    [17] => In part
    [202] => In part
    [1880] => Yes
    [103] => No
    [2018] => No
    [534] => Yes
    [1703] => In part
    [111] => No
    [110] => In part
    [2003] => No
    [2032] => No
    [548] => No
    [203] => In part
    [1875] => Yes
    [2033] => Yes
    [86] => Yes
    [107] => Yes
    [114] => No
    [1338] => In part
    [1685] => In part
    [547] => In part
    [532] => In part
    [2015] => No
    [1564] => No
    [1584] => Yes
    [1869] => In part
    [1721] => Yes
    [1726] => Yes
    [1542] => In part
    [1715] => Yes
    [97] => Yes
    [109] => No
    [1873] => In part
    [1872] => No
    [1862] => No
    [1649] => No
    [90] => No
    [87] => In part
    [531] => Yes
    [101] => No
    [545] => In part
    [133] => No
    [104] => In part
    [1717] => In part
    [1714] => Yes
)

Are rights holders prohibited from excluding user rights under copyright law?

For example, rights holders can use the fine print of a licence agreement to take away your legal right to make backup copies or quotations. To maintain balance between rights holders and consumers, it is important that the law prevent them from taking away your user rights through fine print. Unfortunately a majority of countries don't have such a law.

Array
(
    [1861] => Yes
    [95] => No
    [1864] => Yes
    [17] => In part
    [202] => No
    [1880] => Yes
    [103] => No
    [2018] => No
    [534] => No
    [1703] => Yes
    [111] => No
    [110] => No
    [2003] => No
    [2032] => No
    [548] => Yes
    [203] => No
    [1875] => In part
    [2033] => In part
    [86] => In part
    [107] => In part
    [114] => Yes
    [1338] => In part
    [1685] => No
    [547] => No
    [532] => In part
    [2015] => 
    [1564] => In part
    [1584] => No
    [1869] => Yes
    [1721] => No
    [1726] => No
    [1542] => In part
    [1715] => In part
    [97] => No
    [109] => Yes
    [1873] => No
    [1872] => Yes
    [1862] => In part
    [1649] => Yes
    [90] => In part
    [87] => In part
    [531] => Yes
    [101] => In part
    [545] => No
    [133] => No
    [104] => Yes
    [1717] => No
    [1714] => No
)

Is there any general user right that is based on a set of balancing criteria, such as a "fair use" right?

This deals with the availability of a flexible user right like "fair use", or "fair dealing" when this is not reserved for a specific purpose like education. Such a user right enables the law to adapt to new uses dynamically, and is the bedrock of online innovation in the relatively few countries that have it. Thankfully, we are slowly seeing more countries amending their laws to include a flexible right, and this is a trend that should continue.

Array
(
    [1861] => In part
    [95] => No
    [1864] => Yes
    [17] => Yes
    [202] => Yes
    [1880] => Yes
    [103] => No
    [2018] => No
    [534] => In part
    [1703] => In part
    [111] => Yes
    [110] => Yes
    [2003] => Yes
    [2032] => Yes
    [548] => Yes
    [203] => Yes
    [1875] => No
    [2033] => No
    [86] => Yes
    [107] => Yes
    [114] => Yes
    [1338] => In part
    [1685] => No
    [547] => In part
    [532] => In part
    [2015] => Yes
    [1564] => In part
    [1584] => No
    [1869] => Yes
    [1721] => Yes
    [1726] => Yes
    [1542] => Yes
    [1715] => Yes
    [97] => No
    [109] => Yes
    [1873] => Yes
    [1872] => Yes
    [1862] => Yes
    [1649] => No
    [90] => In part
    [87] => Yes
    [531] => Yes
    [101] => No
    [545] => No
    [133] => In part
    [104] => Yes
    [1717] => Yes
    [1714] => No
)

Are temporary or transient copies, incidental to a lawful use, excepted from copyright?

It is important for temporary copies to be left out of copyright, because such copies are made automatically every time we use a computer or the Internet. If the making of automatic temporary copies could be controlled by copyright owners (as proposed under the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement), the use of digital goods would become subject to their permission. The result? More expensive digital products, with more limitations on their use.

Statistics

Click through for a full page of more detailed statistics on how each country scored across eleven categories of questions. (If you want to see how the statistics were generated, we can enable an expert mode for you on request!) For even more detail, read on for the country reports below.

Below are the countries for which reports are available, along with an indication of how complete and current they are. For your convenience, an answer that supports consumer rights is answered "Yes" and colour-coded in green, whereas a problem area is answered "No" and coloured red.

To edit the report for your country (edits are moderated), create an account, log in, and click "Edit" while viewing the report you wish to edit. The newest questions will be highlighted in green, the most-recently amended ones in yellow. If your country is not listed, you can submit a new draft country report.

Country reports

Country Last Updated Completeness
Albania 3 years 41 weeks ago
63% complete
Argentina 2 years 38 weeks ago
69% complete
Armenia 2 years 38 weeks ago
73% complete
Australia 2 years 25 weeks ago
77% complete
Bangladesh 4 years 40 weeks ago
61% complete
Belarus 2 years 38 weeks ago
63% complete
Brazil 2 years 38 weeks ago
76% complete
Brazil 3 years 40 weeks ago
71% complete
Cameroon 2 years 38 weeks ago
49% complete
Canada 2 years 38 weeks ago
83% complete
Chile 2 years 38 weeks ago
55% complete
China (PRC) 2 years 38 weeks ago
94% complete
Costa Rica 2 years 38 weeks ago
77% complete
Costa Rica 2 years 42 weeks ago
77% complete
Egypt 2 years 38 weeks ago
75% complete
Fiji 2 years 40 weeks ago
59% complete
France 3 years 41 weeks ago
68% complete
France 2 years 38 weeks ago
67% complete
India 2 years 38 weeks ago
83% complete
Indonesia 2 years 38 weeks ago
65% complete
Israel 2 years 38 weeks ago
78% complete
Japan 2 years 34 weeks ago
76% complete
Jordan 2 years 38 weeks ago
86% complete
Kenya 4 years 39 weeks ago
49% complete
Lebanon 2 years 38 weeks ago
64% complete
Malawi 2 years 38 weeks ago
30% complete
Malaysia 2 years 38 weeks ago
71% complete
Mexico 4 years 40 weeks ago
80% complete
Moldova 3 years 41 weeks ago
61% complete
Morocco 4 years 39 weeks ago
56% complete
Morocco 4 years 39 weeks ago
56% complete
New Zealand 1 year 30 weeks ago
86% complete
Nigeria 4 years 39 weeks ago
68% complete
Pakistan 3 years 41 weeks ago
67% complete
Philippines 2 years 38 weeks ago
66% complete
Romania 2 years 38 weeks ago
71% complete
Serbia 3 years 41 weeks ago
51% complete
Slovenia 2 years 38 weeks ago
67% complete
South Africa 3 years 41 weeks ago
73% complete
South Korea 2 years 38 weeks ago
80% complete
Spain 2 years 38 weeks ago
89% complete
Sweden 4 years 40 weeks ago
61% complete
Thailand 2 years 38 weeks ago
66% complete
Ukraine 2 years 38 weeks ago
77% complete
United Kingdom 2 years 38 weeks ago
86% complete
United States of America 2 years 38 weeks ago
87% complete
Vietnam 4 years 39 weeks ago
50% complete
Zambia 4 years 40 weeks ago
47% complete

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